Neurofeedback is a non-invasive technique that uses specialized EEG equipment that enables the brain to receive feedback on its own electrical activity. This feedback activates the brain’s capacity to self-regulate, which can improve anxiety, mood disorders, ADHD, behavioural issues and more. Neurofeedback training is useful to anyone wanting to improve academic and high brain performance – including students, athletes, and entrepreneurs.
By integrating neurofeedback in your therapy plan, we can build on your psychotherapy sessions and further support behavioural changes that help you maintain clarity and build the resilience to live a better life.
Talk therapy is the hope of many individuals struggling with mental health. After clients acquired enough awareness of self and insights about their past, they commit to engage in different practices and perspectives, expecting to complete the healing process. However, research has shown that more often than not – a single approach is just not enough.
Trauma and other adverse experiences affect the brain deeply in many regions. There are many brain structures affected, with neuro-networks firing and wiring together, communicating in millions of patterns, most often by the fear-driven brain. The survival mechanism in your brain creates a fear-based reality that interferes with your daily living. Talk therapy alone cannot possibly address the narrative defaults and rigid conditioning resulting from these complicated brain patterns, which often have been ingrained over many years.
Studies on the benefits of Neurofeedback continue to demonstrate positive results, with thousands of clients improving their quality of life with these non-invasive, drug-free treatments. Neurofeedback can be helpful for symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, depression, cognitive and sensory integration, sleep problems and pain. Even people that struggle with developmental trauma and can gain access to the underlying root cause of their symptomatology and can optimize the neuroplasticity of the brain, supporting an improved success rate when combined with psychotherapy treatment.
What is Clinical Neurofeedback?
Clinical Neurofeedback refers to the combination of Psychotherapy and Neurofeedback.
Both interventions aim to help you understand your mind and your brain. Neurofeedback is an intervention that uses the brain’s change capacity to regulate the brain's electrical activity. It is a direct way to train the brain to improve its function and regulate symptoms. Psychotherapy helps you process and assimilate information, Neurofeedback training compliments this by helping you form new, positive ways of processing and perceiving information.
EEG Guided Neurofeedback: High Frequency Band Training & Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR) Training
Can help with: Attention Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Peak Performance
During a regular Neurofeedback session, three or more electrodes are placed on the scalp that correspond with specific areas of the brain that we are actively training, and the remainining electrodes are placed to act as references and poles. State-of-the-art electronic equipment allows us to amplify frequencies in a computer interface, which enables us to send you instant feedback on your brain wave frequencies. Through this process of operant conditioning, you will learn to retrain your brain to achieve more of the desires brain waves in specific areas, and reduce them in others.
There is a tremendous amount of electrical activity in the brain, with the most common brain wave frequencies being Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta and Gamma. These frequencies range from slower to faster and are measured in Hertz (cycles per second). Each frequency is associated with certain behaviours, mood and other functions of an individual. For instance, Delta waves are associated with states of deep restorative sleep, while Gamma waves are mostly associated with intense focus and helping the integration of information between areas of the brain. Alpha waves are mostly correlated with states of relaxation, but ready to react if needed.
Infra-Low Frequency (ILF) Neurofeedback
Can help with: C-PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, Eating Disorders, Development Disorders
ILF is the most recent modality of Neurofeedback that has been successfully studied for the treatment of trauma, C-PTSD, and many other chronic symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, ADHD, eating disorders and developmental disorders. Is also recognized to improve brain functioning and brain performance therefore has captured the attention for anyone looking to optimize their brain, such as senior executives, athletes and students.
ILF training can allow the brain to see its own activity and become a mirror for the brain. This process helps to adjust and regulate arousal, instability, or disinhibition. In other words, as the brain starts to recognize its own dysregulated patterns, the client’s brain starts to self-correct, and notices changes that can occur during sessions or in the following sessions this could include calm, quiet and alert and stabilizing of symptoms, or highest level of control.
Neurofeedback clients can expect minimum of 20 sessions, and depending on your goals, lifestyle and motivation, sessions can go longer. One session can take an hour which includes assessment check-in and electrode installation and 30-45 training.
Can help with: Anxiety, Attachment Disruptions, Consolidates Infra Low Training and Prepares for Alpha-Theta Training
Synchrony allows notable strong feelings of being in the body, feeling safe and settled, light and happy. Pain clients will experience pain reduction in both body and headaches. This application can be offered in complement with Infra-Low Frequency training.
Synchrony uses high and infra low frequencies that range from .001 to 10HZ (Alpha) and 40Hz (Gamma). It uses exciting feedback graphics that enhances the experience of feeling the self, as well as preparing for deeper states of meditation. Synchrony has been experienced by highly recognized meditators as close and significantly comparable to their meditation practice.
Can help with: Unresolved Trauma, C-PTSD, Developmental and Childhood Trauma, Procrastination, Addiction, Attachment Disorders
Alpha-Theta training allows the brain to access states of creativity and insight that can make it possible to let go of “psychological junk” (Cohen, 2022) and achieve a state of deep calmness and relaxation. This state allows the release of difficult emotions connected to self-image and negative core believes. One of this training’s objectives is to train the brain to stay longer in the Alpha-Theta state. That is where wakefulness and deep relaxation can allow the brain to access dream-like imagery to induce the creative mindset, achieve openness, sensitivity, fluid association of ideas, which provides better awareness and understanding of one’s problems without altering the nervous system.
Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training
Can help with: Nervous System Reset, Muscle Tension, Elevated Heart Rate
HRV training requires placing sensors on the fingertips and measures the respiratory rate, pulse and skin conductance. Feedback is given on a computer screen with images that indicate if the respiration and heart rate are being regulated. The purpose of using HRV biofeedback is to oxygenate the brain before neurofeedback to improve the learning process, but in general can help to train the body internal regulatory responses into calm and relaxation. HRV helps reduce physical tension, elevated heart rate, under- or over-elevated GSR (skin & heat conductance).
Quantitative Electroencephalogram (EEG)
Can help with: Brain Mapping
EEG is a non-invasive assessment that collects electrical activity from different structures of the brain. By placing 19 electrodes in different brain regions (known as Bradman sites), it is possible to record frequency rhythms generated by cortical mechanisms inside the brain.
This information is compared to a normative database that can reveal possible abnormalities in the distribution of frequencies. The comparison allows the neurotherapies to better understand the client's brain connectivity and to support them by establishing protocols to achieve the client's individual learning goals. The analysis also provides a baseline to assess progress over time.