Connect with Your Body and Mind

Neurofeedback is a non-invasive technique that uses specialized EEG equipment that enables the brain to receive feedback on its own electrical activity. This feedback activates the brain’s capacity to self-regulate, which can improve anxiety, mood disorders, ADHD, behavioural issues and more. Neurofeedback training is useful to anyone wanting to improve academic and high brain performance – including students, athletes, and entrepreneurs. 

By integrating neurofeedback in your therapy plan, we can build on your psychotherapy sessions and further support behavioural changes that help you maintain clarity and build the resilience to live a better life.

Neurofeedback Benefits

Talk therapy is the hope of many individuals struggling with mental health. After clients acquired enough awareness of self and insights about their past, they commit to engage in different practices and perspectives, expecting to complete the healing process. However, research has shown that more often than not – a single approach is just not enough.

Trauma and other adverse experiences affect the brain deeply in many regions. There are many brain structures affected, with neuro-networks firing and wiring together, communicating in millions of patterns, most often by the fear-driven brain. The survival mechanism in your brain creates a fear-based reality that interferes with your daily living. Talk therapy alone cannot possibly address the narrative defaults and rigid conditioning resulting from these complicated brain patterns, which often have been ingrained over many years.

Studies on the benefits of Neurofeedback continue to demonstrate positive results, with thousands of clients improving their quality of life with these non-invasive, drug-free treatments. Neurofeedback can be helpful for symptoms of ADHD, anxiety, depression, cognitive and sensory integration, sleep problems and pain. Even people that struggle with developmental trauma and can gain access to the underlying root cause of their symptomatology and can optimize the neuroplasticity of the brain, supporting an improved success rate when combined with psychotherapy treatment.

What is Clinical Neurofeedback?

Clinical Neurofeedback refers to the combination of Psychotherapy and Neurofeedback.

Both interventions aim to help you understand your mind and your brain. Neurofeedback is an intervention that uses the brain’s change capacity to regulate the brain's electrical activity. It is a direct way to train the brain to improve its function and regulate symptoms. Psychotherapy helps you process and assimilate information, Neurofeedback training compliments this by helping you form new, positive ways of processing and perceiving information.

Neurofeedback Training

EEG Guided Neurofeedback: High Frequency Band Training & Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR) Training

Can help with: Attention Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Peak Performance

During a regular Neurofeedback session, three or more electrodes are placed on the scalp that correspond with specific areas of the brain that we are actively training, and the remainining electrodes are placed to act as references and poles. State-of-the-art electronic equipment allows us to amplify frequencies in a computer interface, which enables us to send you instant feedback on your brain wave frequencies. Through this process of operant conditioning, you will learn to retrain your brain to achieve more of the desires brain waves in specific areas, and reduce them in others.

There is a tremendous amount of electrical activity in the brain, with the most common brain wave frequencies being Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta and Gamma. These frequencies range from slower to faster and are measured in Hertz (cycles per second). Each frequency is associated with certain behaviours, mood and other functions of an individual. For instance, Delta waves are associated with states of deep restorative sleep, while Gamma waves are mostly associated with intense focus and helping the integration of information between areas of the brain. Alpha waves are mostly correlated with states of relaxation, but ready to react if needed.

Infra-Low Frequency (ILF) Neurofeedback

Can help with: C-PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, Eating Disorders, Development Disorders

ILF is the most recent modality of Neurofeedback that has been successfully studied for the treatment of trauma, C-PTSD, and many other chronic symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, ADHD, eating disorders and developmental disorders. Is also recognized to improve brain functioning and brain performance therefore has captured the attention for anyone looking to optimize their brain, such as senior executives, athletes and students.

ILF training can allow the brain to see its own activity and become a mirror for the brain. This process helps to adjust and regulate arousal, instability, or disinhibition. In other words, as the brain starts to recognize its own dysregulated patterns, the client’s brain starts to self-correct, and notices changes that can occur during sessions or in the following sessions this could include calm, quiet and alert and stabilizing of symptoms, or highest level of control.

Neurofeedback clients can expect minimum of 20 sessions, and depending on your goals, lifestyle and motivation, sessions can go longer. One session can take an hour which includes assessment check-in and electrode installation and 30-45 training.

Synchrony Training

Can help with: Anxiety, Attachment Disruptions, Consolidates Infra Low Training and Prepares for Alpha-Theta Training

Synchrony allows notable strong feelings of being in the body, feeling safe and settled, light and happy. Pain clients will experience pain reduction in both body and headaches. This application can be offered in complement with Infra-Low Frequency training.

Synchrony uses high and infra low frequencies that range from .001 to 10HZ (Alpha) and 40Hz (Gamma). It uses exciting feedback graphics that enhances the experience of feeling the self, as well as preparing for deeper states of meditation. Synchrony has been experienced by highly recognized meditators as close and significantly comparable to their meditation practice.

Alpha-Theta training

Can help with: Unresolved Trauma, C-PTSD, Developmental and Childhood Trauma, Procrastination, Addiction, Attachment Disorders

Alpha-Theta training allows the brain to access states of creativity and insight that can make it possible to let go of “psychological junk” (Cohen, 2022) and achieve a state of deep calmness and relaxation. This state allows the release of difficult emotions connected to self-image and negative core believes. One of this training’s objectives is to train the brain to stay longer in the Alpha-Theta state. That is where wakefulness and deep relaxation can allow the brain to access dream-like imagery to induce the creative mindset, achieve openness, sensitivity, fluid association of ideas, which provides better awareness and understanding of one’s problems without altering the nervous system.

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) training

Can help with: Nervous System Reset, Muscle Tension, Elevated Heart Rate

HRV training requires placing sensors on the fingertips and measures the respiratory rate, pulse and skin conductance. Feedback is given on a computer screen with images that indicate if the respiration and heart rate are being regulated. The purpose of using HRV biofeedback is to oxygenate the brain before neurofeedback to improve the learning process, but in general can help to train the body internal regulatory responses into calm and relaxation. HRV helps reduce physical tension, elevated heart rate, under- or over-elevated GSR (skin & heat conductance).

Quantitative Electroencephalogram (EEG)

Can help with: Brain Mapping

EEG is a non-invasive assessment that collects electrical activity from different structures of the brain. By placing 19 electrodes in different brain regions (known as Bradman sites), it is possible to record frequency rhythms generated by cortical mechanisms inside the brain.

This information is compared to a normative database that can reveal possible abnormalities in the distribution of frequencies. The comparison allows the neurotherapies to better understand the client's brain connectivity and to support them by establishing protocols to achieve the client's individual learning goals. The analysis also provides a baseline to assess progress over time.

Frequently Asked Questions

Neurofeedback is the frontier of neuroscience and is the result of decades of studies and research of brain activity and performance. Neurofeedback can give individuals struggling with emotional, cognitive and physical symptoms that have been stuck in high- and low-arousal nervous system presentations the opportunity to self-regulate and reconnect with their internal resilience. The core effect of neurofeedback is to achieve calming and stabilization that can be recognized with a more clear state of mind, access to emotion regulation, and regulation of internal organs.

Band or High-Frequency Neurofeedback is a non-invasive, drug-free and evidence-based treatment that uses neuro-modulation training to allow the user to receive instant feedback of the electrical activity in the brain.

Once the individual is able to learn their brain patterns, they are able to regulate it to improve brain function, bringing regulation to either fast or slow waves.

Neurofeedback helps the brain by providing feedback through operant conditioning. The brain learns to receive reward when achieving certain frequencies and inhibit others, thereby way creating more effective and desired patterns that reflect synchronized internal rhythms.

Infra-Low Frequency Neurofeedback is also a non-invasive, drug-free model, that allows the brain to recognize his own brain activity to self-correct to achieve better self-regulation and brain performance. This neurofeedback training can identify patterns of dysregulation based on a symptoms assessment, and through localized placements, allows clinicians and clients to communicate levels of arousal and to establish protocols to achieve optimal frequencies for training to promote better brain function.

It requires minimal effort from the trainee by simply sitting and watching a game or video on the screen, while being connected with a set of electrodes to a Neuroamp amplifier. This equipment reads and transmits the electrical activity to a computer program to provide feedback to the brain through visual, tactile and sound signals. By training different regions of the brain as needed, the individual’s brain learns to shift to states of relaxation, concentration, and other regulatory visceral systems.

There are 3 basic steps that comprise the Neurofeedback process:

An intake process: Where a clinician conducts a symptoms-based assessment and other standardized assessments or an EEG (electroencephalogram) to map specific deficits in the brain, to establish training areas and determine the right Neurofeedback application, protocol, and electrode placement.

Optimization is a dynamic process of establishing the OTF (Optimal Training Frequency), that will consolidate and promote neuroplasticity. During this process, the client and clinician will establish an interactive feedback process of communication to tailor and fine-tune the frequency to achieve better results during training.

Reassessment is the pre and post evaluation of report of symptoms.

Neurofeedback has achieved a great deal of evidence-based recognition in treating ADHD, however, the fact is that neurofeedback can do much more. From treating developmental trauma, to calming states of anxiety and depression to creating better sleep patterns and reducing pain, neurofeedback has been highly effective. Neurofeedback can help to stabilize over-arousal and under-arousal activation, which can be applied to improve processes of attention, cognitive, immune, endocrine and autonomic nervous systems, as well as behavioural and emotional states.

Each brain is unique in responding to wave training. Some clients might be able to notice changes between 4‑10 sessions, while others might need longer periods to see more vivid and clear resolutions. Duration depends on the presentation of symptoms, medications and lifestyle. Typical treatment courses range between 10‑40 sessions.

It is important to remember that neurofeedback focuses to help the brain to learn and consolidate frequency patterns in different regions. Therefore, more sessions may be required to achieve lasting, desired frequencies to synchronize rhythms in the brain.

For example, a minimum training program for ADD will be between 10‑20 sessions, approximately 40 for ADHD. Clients with ADHD who are on medication may require more than 40 sessions.

The learning process can be influenced by several factors, such as lifestyle, diet and nutrition, gut and brain issues, medication, history of concussions, developmental issues and how long these factors have been a part of the client’s life. Clients with more complicated conditions could need over 40 sessions to achieve sustained improvements. Observable improvements can be experienced during the process, but its true goal is to make these improvements long-lasting.

Many clients start neurofeedback training while on medication. Through the course of the training process they are able to gradually, with the support of their physician, reduce doses to a desired level.

  • Follow recommendations around sleep, nutrition and exercise. Being overly hungry can impact alertness and focus and the ability to sit still. This is especially true of children and teenagers.
  • Consult with our clinic about any medications you are taking that may affect your brainwave patterns. Do not discontinue your medications without your doctor’s supervision. However, know that some medications affect your EEG activity.
  • If possible, wash your hair and avoid using styling gels, etc. on the day of your QEEG Brain Map. Gels and conditioners can at times make it more difficult for the EEG sensors to make good contact with your scalp.
  • If you wear contact lenses, be prepared to remove them during your session (these can cause excess eye blinks / movements). Bring any contact lens solution and containers that you will need if you remove your contacts.

Either long or short sessions may be beneficial, depending on the client's unique brain and process. Typically, clients can train between 30 to 45 minutes of training time. It is recommended that clients train as often as possible to achieve consolidation.

Some clients could train between once per week, to two, or even three times per week.

There are no serious side effects. After training, clients may feel the effects of training, much like after doing physical exercise. Clients may feel tired and have a slight headache, but that is not typical. These reactions are temporary and are a sign that of a brain responding to training. Any effects should be communicated to the Neurotherapist to adjust the protocol and tailor the protocols to help regulate or subside these abreaction responses.

Gain clarity and build resilience